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Introducción « SmartDreams
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Introducción

El transporte es uno de los temas que ha cobrado gran relevancia en las ciudades modernas, producto de los problemas generados por el aumento de población, los atochamientos y la polución producida por los vehículos. Para resolver estos problemas se han impulsado diversas iniciativas que van desde las más clásicas, como el incentivo al uso de bicicletas y el transporte público, hasta las más sofisticadas, como el uso de nuevos vehículos pequeños y no contaminantes.

Entre los vehículos de estas características, destaca uno de tipo autobalanceado (capaz de mantener el equilibrio gracias a un sistema de control) conformado por una pequeña plataforma apoyada sobre dos ruedas laterales. El usuario ubica sus pies sobre la plataforma, la cual se equilibra gracias a la acción de los motores acoplados a las ruedas, realizando una acción de control similar a la del péndulo invertido. De esta manera, una ligera inclinación hacia adelante del usuario generará una acción de control que moverá al vehículo completo en esa dirección, realizando así la función de transporte.

El interés por el desarrollo de este tipo de vehículos se basa en: su tamaño, el cual le permite circular de manera amigable con otros transeúntes, sin requerir mayor infraestructura que la disponible para el uso de una silla de ruedas; su naturaleza es no contaminante por tratarse de un vehículo eléctrico; el funcionamiento silencioso del mismo y la facilidad de manejo, ya que carece de palancas, botones o mandos complicados para avanzar y retroceder.

Existe un único fabricante de este tipo de vehículos de manera comercial, la empresa Segway Inc. [1], cuyos productos poseen un alto precio como para ser usados masivamente. Este hecho, sumado a diversas iniciativas en distintos lugares del mundo para replicar esta tecnología, motiva el interés por desarrollar un vehículo autobalanceado en nuestro país, a un costo razonable y con prestaciones similares a la versión comercial.

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